Collectif Papera Wiki
The Papera Collective is a media group that is concerned with those who are working in the field of higher education. Those who are either temporary faculty, master’s trainees, PH.D students, post-graduate degree holders and any of those who hold some kind of degree within the higher education field. The main focus on Papera Collective is the plight and condition of those who are involved in the French higher education system, but the focus of the articles found on Papera Collective can also be extended to the higher education systems of other countries as well in a perspective of scientific, artistic, professional and cultural openness.
Higher education organized or subsidized by the French Community pursues, simultaneously and without hierarchy, the following general objectives. Support students in their role as responsible citizens, capable of contributing to the development of a democratic, pluralist and socially responsible society. Promote the autonomy and development of students, in particular by developing their scientific and artistic curiosity, their critical sense and their awareness of individual and collective responsibilities and duties. To transmit, both through the content of the teachings and through other activities organized by the institution.
As well as the artistic, scientific, philosophical and political-cultural heritage, the historical foundations of this teaching, in the respect for the specificities of each. Guaranteeing the highest level of training, both general and specialized, both fundamental and conceptual and practical, to enable students to play an active role in professional, social, economic and cultural life, to provide them with equal opportunities social emancipation. Develop long-term skills, ensuring that students have the skills to maintain their relevance, either independently or in the context of continuous lifelong learning. Enroll these initial and complementary courses
Encouraging teachers, students and graduates to mobility and intercommunity and international collaborations. Higher education implements methods and means adapted, according to the disciplines, in order to reach the general objectives indicated and to make it accessible to everyone, according to their abilities, without discrimination. The French System makes its recognition of studies and its subsidy conditional on the institutions organizing.
To respect these objectives and the other provisions of this decree. The Papera collective site is conceived as a participatory platform that seeks to involve all of those who are in Higher Education in France. All of the of information that we have is gained through monitoring the news, the press and another collective media, as well as investigations of insecurity of higher education jobs in France.
Or elsewhere we provide this sort of information of factsheets for those who are also working in the precarious field of higher education in the country. Papera also has got a collection of testimonies because precariousness is rarely revealed in the open despite the great difficulties faced by many precarious researchers and post-graduate students. One of the goals of the Papera. The Papera collective is made up of precarious.
Collective is that of mobilization and through calls to protest, to act or fight for the cases of university workers and teachers. This kind of discussion of our goals is present in the exchanges, through discussion forums associated with all articles. Papera collective is also dedicated to providing the space and the opportunity to contribute as a reader in the open forum and contractural people and holders of research.
What is Higher Education?
The higher education and the major concerns concern the precariousness of Master’s trainees, Ph.D. students, post-docs, the temporary faculty is to get better terms for the long-term contract labour.
Precariousness and unemployment have become tools of economic management in all areas of society. We, invisible, precarious and statutory workers of higher education or research, do not escape. By creating the Papera Collective, we decided to oppose all the forms of precariousness that we undergo.
We are determined to fight against the precariousness of employment. But we also want to fight against other forms of precariousness that undermine the very conditions of our daily work, whether we are precarious or statutory. There are other insidious forms of oppression concern the restriction of access, to means and tools of work, in the field of higher education. The reign ofhierarchical and administrative arbitrariness is also one of those fatal alienations.
Noting that the process of casualization has the active support or at least the ambiguous passivity of many of the “executives” of the sector in which we work, we have decided to fight to abolish these situations that we face. Our desire is to create an autonomous network of information and action, by demanding job stability, the autonomy of workers, as well as the transparency and democratic control of scientific and technical bodies.
Why focus on Higher Education?
The public education service has a large proportion of non-permanent contract workers, who benefit from a public-law contract. These people are for example employed by the public universities, local authorities, chambers of trades, etc.
In all, more than 850,000 agents may find themselves unemployed after the non-renewal of their contract. And the fact that they do not depend on the general compensation scheme, provided by the employment center, makes them paradoxically more vulnerable to unemployment.
There are also the compensation management mechanisms of the government that have got to be questioned. While the compensation rules must in principle be similar to those of the private sector employees, the rules of management differ significantly depending on the status of the employer and that of the employees. For example, the public employer may choose to pay for and pay for the compensation of its agents or to entrust the management of compensation, but not the burden, the government, by a bilateral convention.
This situation in employment has been denounced for several years by consumer associations and defenders of the rights of the unemployed: Acting against unemployment has several times emphasized the “position of strength” of the administration, which combines the functions of the employer. The goal of Papera Collective is to bring these employment injustices to a wider knowledge in Higher Education and Research.
Collectif Papera Blog
The moment people mention the word “e-juice,” a second word almost immediately pops to mind. The word, of course, is nicotine. It’s as if these two words are joined at the hip. To many people, there is no such thing as vaping or e-juice without the supposed payload that explains why the product was made in the first place. This assumes too much. It assumes that people who vape are just in it for the rush or the kick of nicotine. If this were truly the case, why don’t these people just take nicotine pills or tables or even patches. Surely, almost any other delivery device for the compound beats having to draw from a tubular piece of plastic and exhaling. It definitely beats having to feed such a tube. Talk about missing the point.
Now, it’s very easy to see why this is the case. I mean, after all, the reason why there is a vaping market in the first place is because there is some sort of biochemical payoff for people engaging in vaporizing.
While the fog that they create around them is awesome to look at, the reason why they are engaging in such a behavior is because their brains get pumped up with a stimulant called nicotine.
Make no mistake about it, even if you feel relaxed while you’re smoking or vaping, please understand that nicotine is chemically a stimulant. It constricts your blood vessels, it pumps up your blood, and it really works up your system.
Interestingly enough, on a psychological basis, people get the opposite reaction. Instead of feeling pumped up, hyped or stressed, people feel relaxed.
But keep in mind that this sense of relaxation or perspective that you get when you smoke or vape is psychological in nature. It is all made up by your mind. In other words, your brain picks up all this stimulated responses created by nicotine in your bloodstream and interprets it as a form of relaxation. It’s quite paradoxical how the brain works, but this is actually what’s going on. Don’t get it twisted.
A lot of people think that vaping or smoking is supposed to depress or relax or soothe their system. It’s not doing that. Whether you’re looking at blood pressure, pulse or other biochemical signals flowing through your brain and your body, nicotine pumps you up. It is and will always be a stimulant.
Now, with that said, a lot of people think that the whole point of vaping is nicotine. In other words, they look at vaporization as simply just a delivery mechanism and process to get to a payload of nicotine. Thankfully, we’re past that stage.
Now, a lot of people are vaping just to vape. In other words, they just like the flavor of this vaporized liquid in the back of their throat or in their mouth. In other words, it’s not much different from drinking liquids.
A lot of people drink soda not because they are thirsty, but because they are looking for a certain range of flavors. In fact, their preference for these flavor ranges have become quite habitual, and that’s why they prefer the same type of soda time and time again. Now, nowhere in all of this does it mean that these people drink soda because they’re thirsty. That’s beside the point.
I hope you understand how this works because just because you vape, it doesn’t necessarily mean you crave nicotine. Just like craving water when you’re thirsty, you can easily sate that thirst with a different kind of liquid. You can reach out for a beer, you can pop open a bottle of soda, or you can an energy drink. There’s just so many options out there.
Thankfully, we have reached that point with vaping. People can order juice without nicotine from a variety of vape stores. This flavor variety really kicks in because if your only payoff is the specific flavor you get in your mouth as you vape and you’re not seeking that nicotine kick, flavor is essential. You basically have to get that right mix of flavor, otherwise, you’re not going to be enjoying vaping.
Keep this in mind because a lot of people are under the impression that any vape juice or e-juice would do. As long as the label says it’s a certain flavor, the e-juice packet is good to go. Nothing could be further from the truth.
For example, take the case of two e-juice packages claiming to be orange flavored. They can both say the word Orange on the label, but let me tell you, depending on the manufacturer as well as the blend of ingredients going into the product, you are going to walk away with two totally different experiences.
One experience is very fruity, the other experience is a nice, mellow, mature blend. It really all boils down to the formulation, the recipe, the competence of the manufacturer, the quality of the raw ingredients being used, as well as the process they make the product in. Keep in mind that storage issues can also play a role in the taste that you get.
Keep all of this in mind because if you really like to enjoy new experiences in life and you have a certain taste preference, you can try vaping with absolutely no nicotine. In fact, I would argue that this is one of the most fun and fulfilling ways to vape because your focus is on the flavor.
A lot of people are willing to sacrifice quite a bit of flavor just so they can get their nicotine kick. Since that’s not happening, you are more likely to get a flavorful experience. That’s how it should be.
Too many manufacturers basically get an out or they get a shortcut to meeting market needs because they know that ultimately, people buy their products for its nicotine content. So they use this as a cover to either formulate less than satisfying products or out and out produce shoddy or low quality material.
Do yourself a big favor. Focus on no nicotine vape juice so you can pick out the very best flavor that you will continue to enjoy long into the future.